"I cannot teach anybody anything. I can only make them think." - Socrates (470-399 BCE)
* YouTube Video: Crash Course
* YouTube Video: The Development of Ancient Greek Art
* YouTube Video: Secrets of the Parthenon
* YouTube Video: Classical Orders
* YouTube Video: SmartHistory's Nike of Samothrace
PBS Video: The Parthenon's Optical Illusions
Obtaining Perfection Chart
Nike of Samothrace from Emory University
Seated Boxer by the Met in NY
The Alexander Mosaic - article
The Dying Gaul by The National Gallery of Art
Describe the scene taking place on the frieze.
Why has this scene been placed on this monument?
What contemporary events are paralleled in the scenes depicted in this work?
What is the message this scene was meant to convey to the ancient Greek viewer?
April 2016: I traveled to Greece
Seen Aloft from Afar
Estranged in site,
Aerial gleaming, warmly white,
You look a suncloud motionless
In noon of day divine;
Your beauty charmed enhancement takes
In Art's long after-shine.
Like Lais, fairest of her kind,
In subtlety your form's defined -
The cornice curved, each shaft inclined,
While yet, to eyes that do but revel
And take the sweeping view,
Erect this seems, and that a level,
To line and plummet true.
Spinoza gazes; and in mind
Dreams that one architect designed
Lais - and you!
What happy musings genial went
With airiest touch the chisel lent
To frisk and curvet light
Of horses gay - their riders grave -
Contrasting so in action brave
With virgins meekly bright,
Clear filing on in even tone
With pitcher each, one after one
Like water-fowl in flight.
The Last Tile
When the last marble tile was laid
The winds died down on all the seas;
Hushed were the birds, and swooned the glade;
Ictinus sat; Aspasia said
"Hist! - Art's meridian, Pericles!"
Herman Melville (1819-1891)
550 BCE- 6th c.
Artworks: kouroi and korai
Descriptions: Idealization, stylized, FRONTAL, rigid
480 BCE- 5th c.
Artworks: Pedimental sculpture of the Temple of Aphaia and the Temple of Artemis, Kritios boy
Descriptions: Contrapposto, movement
450 BCE- 5th c.
Artists: Phidias, Polyklitos, Myron
Artworks: Riace warrior, Zeus/Poseidon, Doryphoros, Diskobolos, Nike Adjusting her Sandal
Descriptions: Idealization, unemotional, PERFECTION, self-contained
350 BCE- 4th c.
Artists: Praxitiles, Scopas,
Artworks: Aphrodite of Knidos, Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Apoxyomenos, Farnes Herakles
NATURAL, humanized, relaxed, elongation
250 BCE- 3rd c.
Pythokritos, Polydorus, Agesander, Athenodorus
Artworks: Dying Gaul, Nike of Samothrace, Barberini Faun, Seated Boxer, Old Market Woman, Laocoon and his Sons
EMOTIONAL, dramatic, exaggeration, movement, individualistic
(adapted from Dr. Coad)